Over the past three months, shares of Celanese (NYSE:CE) moved lower by 6.15%. Before having a look at the importance of debt, let us look at how much debt Celanese has.
Based on Celanese’s financial statement as of April 23, 2021, long-term debt is at $3.13 billion and current debt is at $497.00 million, amounting to $3.63 billion in total debt. Adjusted for $791.00 million in cash-equivalents, the company’s net debt is at $2.84 billion.
Let’s define some of the terms we used in the paragraph above. Current debt is the portion of a company’s debt which is due within 1 year, while long-term debt is the portion due in more than 1 year. Cash equivalents include cash and any liquid securities with maturity periods of 90 days or less. Total debt equals current debt plus long-term debt minus cash equivalents.
Shareholders look at the debt-ratio to understand how much financial leverage a company has. Celanese has $10.76 billion in total assets, therefore making the debt-ratio 0.34. Generally speaking, a debt-ratio more than one means that a large portion of debt is funded by assets. As the debt-ratio increases, so the does the risk of defaulting on loans, if interest rates were to increase. Different industries have different thresholds of tolerance for debt-ratios. A debt ratio of 35% might be higher for one industry and average for another.
Why Debt Is Important
Debt is an important factor in the capital structure of a company, and can help it attain growth. Debt usually has a relatively lower financing cost than equity, which makes it an attractive option for executives.
However, due to interest-payment obligations, cash-flow of a company can be impacted. Having financial leverage also allows companies to use additional capital for business operations, allowing equity owners to retain excess profit, generated by the debt capital.
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